III. An Early Spanish Venture:
With Henri in Spain, 1912

Unknown photographer, Aboard the Carpathia, courtesy of the Klauber family.

Unknown photographer, Robert Henri aboard ship, courtesy of the Klauber family.

Unknown photographer, The Henri class, courtesy of the Klauber family.

. . . M. Elizabeth Boone in American Art Review has noted that the influence of Spain and Spanish art has been notably under-recognized in the development of American painting during the period 1860 to 1920. 27 Thomas Eakins was among the first to admire the masters of seventeenth century art in Spain, especially the work of Velazquez. Artists such as Mary Cassatt, John Singer Sargent, William Merritt Case and Robert Henri frequently repeated visits, painting exotic models and sunlit landscapes during this time. The Spanish old masters of the seventeenth century were studied and copied by students accompanying them. Spanish visitors to the country’s interior, found travel most difficult. It was somewhat isolated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees and railroads were minimal. The industrial age and modernization drifted slowly into Spain. Henri had made his first of his many trips to Spain to introduce American students to its artist and subjects in 1900. During the first decade of the twentieth century, modern Spanish painters Zuloagua and Sorolla became major influences on American artists.

Reverse of Henri’s Class -autographs, in no particular order, of the students.


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